Applications of cyclodextrins as active therapeutic agents

2022, December 19 - 15:30
Applications of cyclodextrins as active therapeutic agents

Applications of cyclodextrins as active therapeutic agents

Cyclodextrins, representing a versatile family of cyclic oligosaccharides, have extensive pharmaceutical applications due to their unique truncated cone-shaped structure with a hydrophilic outer surface and a hydrophobic cavity, which enables them to form non-covalent host-guest inclusion complexes in pharmaceutical formulations to enhance the solubility, stability, and bioavailability of numerous drug molecules. As a result, cyclodextrins are mostly considered as inert carriers during their medical application, while their ability to interact not only with small molecules but also with lipids and proteins is largely neglected. By forming inclusion complexes with cholesterol, cyclodextrins deplete cholesterol from cellular membranes and thereby influence protein function indirectly through alterations in biophysical properties and lateral heterogeneity of bilayers. In a review, Florina Zákány and her colleagues summarized the general chemical principles of direct cyclodextrin-protein interactions and highlighted, through relevant examples, how these interactions can modify protein functions in vivo, which, despite their huge potential, have been completely unexploited in therapy so far. In the paper, they gave a brief overview of disorders such as Niemann-Pick type C disease, atherosclerosis, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease, in which cyclodextrins already have or could have potential to be active therapeutic agents due to their cholesterol-complexing or direct protein-targeting properties. This work is published in the Pharmaceutics  (DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics14122559)


Dear User!

 

The University of Debrecen considers the protection of personal data and the information provided to be of paramount importance. We hereby inform you that the University of Debrecen has reviewed its processes and incorporated the requirements of GDPR into his own data management and data protection activities, which entered mandatory on may 25,2018. The personal data of the users has been carefully handled by the University of Debrecen, it complies with the applicable data management regulations.Following the requirements of GDPR, we updated our Privacy Statement, which you can access by clicking on the link below: Privacy Policy.

I have read, understand and agree to terms.